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When building websites, developers use tools to make beautiful designs without starting from scratch. Two popular tools are Tailwind CSS and Bootstrap. They both help in making websites, but they do it in different ways. Let's take a quick look at them.
Tailwind CSS is a utility-first CSS framework. Rather than providing a fixed set of pre-designed components, it offers a wide range of low-level utility classes that enable developers to build unique designs without leaving their HTML. This approach helps the creation of custom interfaces without the need to overwrite a lot of default styles.
Tailwind CSS features:
Bootstrap is one of the most popular frontend frameworks since 2011. Designed to speed up the development process, Bootstrap provides developers with a comprehensive set of pre-designed components, from navigation bars and carousels to modals and tooltips, facilitating a consistent and mobile-first design.
Understanding the principles behind any tool is very important to determines its use cases, strengths, and limitations.
Tailwind CSS uses a utility-first approach. This means instead of offering you pre-styled components (like a ready-to-use button or navbar), Tailwind provides atomic, single-purpose classes that represent specific styles.
Example: you can combine classes like
bg-blue-500 (for background color) and
text-red (for text color) directly in your HTML to achieve a desired look.
Bootstrap, on the other hand, is rooted in a component-based design philosophy. This means Bootstrap provides you with a library of ready-made, styled components like buttons, navbars, and modals. You simply pick what you need and plug it into your website.
Both Tailwind CSS and Bootstrap understand the customization need and offer it, but in different ways:
Tailwind CSS is built with customization at its core. Since it's utility-first, you essentially build your design with a series of small utility classes. This means you have control over how each element looks.
tailwind.config.jsfile where you can define your project's design system (colors, fonts, breakpoints, and more).
Bootstrap provides a robust set of ready-to-use components. They come with a default styling, which many are familiar with. However, Bootstrap is also designed to be customized:
The website load speed can significantly impact user experience and SEO rankings. Both Tailwind CSS and Bootstrap have their own ways of ensuring websites built with them are efficient and performant.
Both Tailwind CSS and Bootstrap have strong communities.
Tailwind CSS is newer with fresh ideas and focuses on plugins and new designs.
Bootstrap has been around for a long time, so it has a lot of tools and helpers. Both give developers what they need to make websites. Which one you pick depends on what you like and what your project needs.
Tailwind CSS might feel new and strange at first, but it has good guides and help from users to make learning easier.
Bootstrap has been around for a while, so if you've done some web work before, it might feel more normal. Both have a lot of help and tools out there to learn from.
Which one you pick depends on what you're comfortable with and how you like to learn.
Both Tailwind CSS and Bootstrap are built to work well with other tools.
Tailwind CSS offers a more modern, flexible approach, letting you combine it with many other tools easily.
When it comes down to choosing which one is better between Tailwind CSS and Bootstrap, there's no one-size-fits-all answer. Both frameworks have their strengths and offer unique features. The best choice largely depends on the specific needs of your project and your personal preferences as a developer.